Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)(Gorbalenya et al., 2020) The first case was identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. It has since spread worldwide, leading to an ongoing pandemic.In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.
Symptoms of COVID-19 are variable, but often include fever, cough, fatigue, breathing difficulties, and loss of smell and taste. Symptoms begin one to fourteen days after exposure to the virus.The virus that causes COVID-19 spreads mainly when an infected person is in close contact with another person.
Small droplets and aerosols containing the infection can spread from a tainted individual’s nose and mouth as they inhale, cough, sneeze, sing, or talk.
The Covid-19 has caused loss of many lives worldwide. Also, it has created immense challenge to public health, food systems and the economic growth. This pandemic caused millions of unemployment and people are at risk of falling into extreme poverty.
As a result of Covid-19 education faces great challenges. School and systems leaders are having to adapt to new ways of working. More than 1 billion children are at risk of falling behind due to school closures aimed at containing the spread of COVID-19.
The 2020 stock market crash, also referred to as the Coronavirus Crash, was a major and sudden global stock market crash that began on 20 February 2020 and ended on 7 April.